Monday, March 21, 2016

Looking Back to Campbell County, Part One

From an article dated February 7, 1932 in one of the Atlanta papers soon after Campbell County became a part of Fulton County. The article was penned by Charles L. Bass and is titled “Campbell County, Now Part of Fulton, Important in Early History of Georgia” with the sub-headline that said, “Campbellton, now one of the state’s ‘deserted villages,’ flourished as county site before the Civil War”.

At the outset of the article Mr. Bass predicts Campbell County would be lost by absorption by Fulton County….that it would submerge as well as merge with Fulton .

Mr. Bass correctly asserts Campbell County’s “history and traditions will silently slip into the annals of the past and become but a memory”, and I would have to agree.

Most people today – eighty-four years later – have no idea Campbell County ever existed.

The article covers several things, but in this post I’m going to relate the information regarding Native Americans and the earliest days of Campbell County.

Later this week I’ll post the remainder of the article.

In the bottom lands of the streams in Campbell County the Indians held their corn dance festival; the early settlers related having observed them.  It is a tradition that on a hill near Pumpkintown a fierce battle had been fought between the Creeks and Cherokees fought with such savage fury that the victors drove the vanquished into the river.

It is probably true as an unusual number of human bones and Indian relics have been washed up near here in seasons of extremely high waters.

Evidence of Indian trails leading to the well-known Three-Notch and Five-Notch trails is still seen as reminders of the occupancy of the vanished race who once proudly claimed it as their own.

The new country with its fertile lands along the Chattahoochee River and its magnificent forests of fine timber then unspoiled by the reckless ax of the woodmen was an inviting territory.

However, settlement in the county was retarded by fear of the Indians who were angry at the treaty made by General McIntosh and who had been foully assassinated by a mob of Cowetas or Lower Creeks at his home in May, 1825.  And constant rumors of further vengeance and unrest against the whites were circulated.

Previous to the treaty signed at Indian Springs on February 12, 1825, by General William McIntosh, representing the Creek Indians, and Duncan G. Campbell and James Meriwether the United States government, the proud descendants of the brave warriors who owned and possessed the land roamed in happy freedom. It was the territory of the Creeks but on the borderland of the possessions of the Cherokees.  Indeed, across the Chattahoochee there was a strip of land considered neutral ground. Here Creeks and Cherokees met and made treaties.

But even before the creation of Campbell County settlers had moved into the territory. Among these early residents were Judge Walter T. Colquitt and with him his young secretary Benjamin Camp, the latter was to become one of the county’s most prominent citizens.

Judge Colquitt had an extensive plantation on the Chattahoochee which had grown a settlement known by the homely name of Pumpkintown or Cross Anchor at the time the county was organized.

I’ll post the remainder of this article later this week……

Monday, November 23, 2015

A Fire at the Peace Home

It was reported on December 1, 1922 in the Sentinel, “Excitement reigned for a short time Wednesday when the fire alarm sounded and it was reported that the residence of Mr. D.W. Peace was on fire. The fire department quickly responded but the blaze was extinguished before their arrival. A coal had dropped from the range and burned a hole through the floor and would have resulted in a serious fire but for its early discovery.”
I have a picture of this home in my book. Prior to it being known as the home of D.W. Peace, the structure was the Spring Street School which opened its doors in 1881.

The home was located on the corner of Spring and Campbellton Streets.
Today, this location is home to the United States Post Office in Douglasville.

Pictured is a Glenwood stove dated to 1922.

Mill Village Violence

Many of our mill village homes are still standing some dating to the early 1900s.

In September, 1922 the village was the scene of an altercation between a young man named White, son of L.A. White, and Leonard Head. Apparently Leonard hit L.A. White on head.  At that time Head was arrested indicted and released under bond. 
By December, Mr. White’s son had taken a turn for the worse. This resulted in the re-arrest of Leonard Head and his release was pending the outcome of White’s injuries. 

The Sentinel story from Friday, December 1, 1922 stated, “Just as we go to press we learn that the young son of Mr. L.A. White of the mill village is in a serious condition resulting from a blow on the head received in September when he and another young man, Leonard Head, had a difficulty for which young Head was indicted and released under bond.”
“Since the recent serious condition of young White has developed, Head has been re-arrested and is now in jail awaiting the outcome of White’s injuries.”

I may have to check well into the 1923 papers to see what happened to both men.

A Shooting Scrape

1922 ended with a “Shooting Scrape” per the Douglas County Sentinel for December 1, 1922. 
The paper stated:
We have just received meager reports of a shooting scrape occurring in the Lithia Springs community Tuesday night in which Walter Causey is reported to have been shot by Chap Carroll, the difficulty or misunderstanding arising from livestock of the former trespassing on and being put up by the latter.
Mr. Causey we learn was taken to Atlanta hospital suffering from painful wounds and Mr. Carroll gave himself up to the officers pending further developments.

Today, the same sort of altercation would not arise from livestock ending up on someone’s property, but due to road rage or some sort of slight where one person feels they have been disrespected in some way.
I searched through the issues for the remainder of December and didn’t see an update regarding Causey’s condition or if Carroll was ever charged with anything.

Monday, November 16, 2015

Hannah - May 4, 1917

This was an interesting little piece of news from the Douglas County Sentinel dated May 4, 1917…..a piece titled “The News from Hannah” during the United States involvement in World War I.
Mr. Wilson reports:

People are patriotic in this corner, if planting food crops is any evidence. Another proof is every Ford is draped with Old Glory. I don’t know which it is that people worship the emblem that stands for patriotism or whether it’s just popular to have one on.
I will watch these folks and see if they really mean to love Old Glory or just trying to stimulate the other man so he will do the fighting.

All true patriots will no doubt attend the speaking at Hulett next Monday night. Dr. Blackmon has for his subject “The New Confession Box”. Dr. Blackmon is not an unknown man in the fight. He was in Texas when  William Black was killed by the K.C.s and was himself shot, and is carrying the assassin’s bullet up and down the land trying to warn the people against a foreign element that’s undermining our civil and religious liberties. The doctor will be at Hulett the first Monday and Tuesday nights in May.
The following night he will lecture at Ebenezer church.

Boost the meeting and give the doctor a whopping crowd. And son, he will tell you how a patriot acts and the weapons he must use to preserve our liberties.
JM Wilson

The place Mr. Wilson refers to….Hulett….is a community in Carroll County. I’m still trying to determine who Dr. Blackmon was as well as William Black. 
Maybe those puzzle pieces will fall into my lap soon.

Image Source:


Sunday, November 1, 2015

List of Downtown Douglasville Businesses - January, 1917

The following businesses were listed in a “Happy New Year” ad in the Douglas County Sentinel dated January 5, 1917……two or three were cut off.  I’ve placed these symbols <  >  to note sections of text I could not make out.

 Douglasville Banking Company
Farmers & Merchants Bank

Duncan & Selman – Ford agents

Almand & McKoy – Hardware

JW House – planning mill and ginnery

JC McCarley  - the Ten Cent Store

JR Duncan Fire and Life Insurance

JQ Enterkin & Son - groceries, heavy hardware, feedstuffs

JO Connally Shoe and Harness Shop

Smith-Harding Supply Co. - Successors to VR Smith

Cansler Brothers Garage

Stewart Brothers - General Merchandise

Miss LI Freeman - Millinery and Notions

Mozley Brothers Groceries - Fresh Meat

Kozytorium Theater

EC Roberts – Groceries and Fresh Meat

WA Abercrombie – Livestock, wagons and Buggies

Little Gem Café

Smith’s Garage – Auto repairing of all kinds

NB and JT Duncan – General Merchandise

JH Smih – Staple and Fancy Groceries

Giles Brothers – The Cash Store….General Merchandise

Dake & McLarty – Real Estate

WL Turner – Watchmaker and Jeweler

JL Selman & Son – Druggist

Roberts Café

<   > Sanitary Barber Shop

Harry A. Edge, The Cash Grocer

<   > Wilson – Watch repair a specialty

Palace Barrber Shop

Upshaw Brothers

<   > Drug Store

<   > S. Abercrombie – Horses and Mules

J. Groodzinsky – Drygoods, clothing, shoes, millinery, and ladies ready to wear

Frank P. Dorris & Company, Staple and Fancy Groceries, Sucessors to JE Phillips

LH Baldwin, Blacksmith

Palace Pressing Club

WC Abercrombie, horses and mules

GW Griffith, Staple and fancy groceries

<   > Dow <    >

Saturday, October 31, 2015

News Blurbs for January, 1917

At this point in time the Douglas County Sentinel was published each Friday. The Editor and owner was ZT Dake.  A one year subscription costs $1.50

You could purchase a swan hat at Stewart Brothers.

GW Gilland was looking for a few customers to take five gallons milk off his hands.

A Ford touring car was $389.25 (delivered) at Duncan & Selman and a roadster was $374.25.   The dealership was located where Hartley Rowe & Fowler is located today on Broad Street.

An obit regarding WW Strickland in the January 5, 1917 issue stated, “WW Strickland was buried here Monday, a prominent citizen and former postmaster at Austell. He was buried at the Douglasville City Cemetery Monday. He was a former citizen of Douglasville, many friends, and the brother of Mrs. WA James of this city. A member of the Methodist Church. Leaves widow and no children.  Sixty three years old.  His brother, Parks Strickland  of Texas was here along with his sister for the funeral.

Another obit also appeared in the January 5, 1917 issue as well titled “James Aderhold Dead”.  It said….”former citizen of Douglasville, son of Mr. and Mrs. Fred Aderhold of Douglasville died in an Atlanta sanitarium Wednesday at age 45 – lingering illness of several months.   Leaves a wife, one daughter, his parents, three brothers – Dr. Charles W. of Oklahoma, Ernest of Gadsden, Alabama; and Mat of Atlanta.  Three sisters as well – Mrs. JL Giles, Mrs. JE Wilson, ad Mrs. IB West. The remains were brought to Douglasville Thursday.

The January 5, 1917 issue also had some news regarding the Oddfellows. Douglasville Lodge No. 162 for the Oddfellows has recently reinstated more than fifty members due to the effort of “wide awake secretary, Brother EL Hopkins.  “The value of a man like this to lodge and to a community is inestimable. Common sense and energy, reinforced with the principles of the order, make a well nigh resistible force.”
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